Decyl glucoside is a sugar derived surfactant. It has exceptional foaming ability, making it useful for skin cleansers, shampoo, toothpaste, and a wide variety of other cosmetics. It is biodegradable and made from renewable materials. Decyl glucoside can be used alone or easily mixed with other compounds. When added to formulations, decyl glucoside increases their mildness. It increases the stability of foam, even in hard water. It is significantly milder than the common surfactant sodium laureth sulfate and does not produce the irritating, drying effects seen with this surfactant. This product is well suited for sensitive skin.
Decyl glucoside is a surfactant, meaning it produces foam. It belongs to a larger group of sugar-derived compounds called alkyl polyglycosides. Alkyl polyglycosides were first made in a lab over 100 years ago, but really only studied for their cosmetic potential in the past 40 years . Decyl glucoside is made from a reaction with glucose [sugar] and fatty alcohol.This helps decyl glucoside mix well with other compounds, particularly oils. Typically, anionic [negatively charged] surfactants produce more foam, but decyl glucoside is an exception, as it has excellent foaming ability.
In addition, decyl glucoside is highly biodegradable and made from renewable materials. Because it is environmentally friendly and mild on skin, decyl glucoside is thought to be part of the “new generation” of surfactants.
Typically, most surfactants can have undesirable effects. Surfactants can be absorbed into the skin where they can reduce skin barrier function and irritate skin, especially with repeated washing . One of the most common surfactants currently used in cosmetics is sodium laureth sulfate, an ester sulfate. It is known to cause skin irritation. Decyl glucoside was compared with sodium laureth sulfate in several tests. Decyl glucoside foam produces finer bubbles and is creamier than sodium laureth sulfate foam . Also, the foam increases oxygen more than that of sodium laureth sulfate. Adding decyl glucoside to mixtures with sodium laureth sulfate decreases irritation and makes it more compatible with skin. It also decreased water loss seen when skin is treated with sodium laureth sulfate alone. This shows decyl glucoside is more suited for the skin barrier and will not dry out skin, even with repeated washing. It reduces skin sensitivity and damage seen with harsher products.
Decyl glucoside can be used alone or in combination with other ingredients. When added to formulations, decyl glucoside produces a mild product good for sensitive skin . It also increases the stability of foam in hard water and in the presence of sebum. It makes highly concentrated products easier to handle and pour. By using decyl glucoside, the amount of an active ingredient can be reduced to the bare minimum with no loss in effect. This can help reduce skin irritability. It is also an effective booster for certain antibacterial agents. Also, decyl glucoside is known to mix well with cationic [positively charged] materials. Formulations with decyl glucoside are temperature stable and have good skin feel. Additionally, an expert panel evaluated decyl glucoside and found it safe and nonirritating.
Decyl glucoside is excellent as a deep pore cleanser. It is a good addition to formulations for facial cleansers, makeup removers, and shower gel. It can be used in toothpastes and other oral formulations. It is also ideal for use in hair care products, such as shampoo and leave-in or rinse-out treatments. It increase the strength of hair, so it is well suited for fine hair.